The guitar is a plucked stringed instrument that is played with fingers or a plectrum (or plectrum ). His popularity, already established in past centuries, has increased with the international dissemination of music in Anglo-Saxon xx th century : jazz , blues , pop , rock , reggae , soul . The guitar is used in flamenco , the classical music , the country , some traditional music Latin or Celtic . With the piano , the harmonica and the violin , the instrument is probably the most widespread in the world.
There are different types of guitars ( acoustic , flamenco guitar , electric , electro-acoustic …), all from the classical guitar , and that share characteristics and playing techniques common while differing in their patch clean. All the guitars, but most electric guitars have a hollow body, usually called a sounding board , which allows the amplification of sound, the latter being emitted by the vibration of the strings. The pitch is changed by pressing a finger on the string until it comes into contact with the handle of the instrument, reducing the length of the vibrating part. Over the vibrating part is short, the sound is more acute.
By its small size, low weight, harmonic richness, its low cost and its adaptation to many musical genres , she is the favorite tool of many to accompany singing. Since she can sing along as they played, it is also popular with a lot of singer-songwriters contemporaries.
The earliest known traces of similar instruments on the guitar back to 3000 BC. AD in about Persia . Etymologically, the word “guitar” is a combination of two words: Guit which comes from the Sanskrit Sangita [ref. needed] meaning “music”, and the second part târ purely Persian and means “rope.” The Sanskrit language was originally an Aryan inhabitants of Iran and northwest India. Despite similar sounds, the word “guitar” is not derived from the word sitar , which means a string instrument, but may be passed through the word Greek kithara κιθάρα , and almost certainly by the Arab qîtâra , then the Spanish guitarra .
The Guitar Player Jan Vermeer van Delft (before 1670).
In the dictionary Escudier (1854) 1 , it says Plastic Storage Bins to “Guitar” (p. 289): (…) “We know nothing certain about the origin of this instrument. It is generally believed that it is as old as the harp (reference to the word), and the Moors brought to Spain, (see below) where it then spread to Portugal and Italy . The time of Louis XIV, it was very fashionable in France, but it was the vogue was short-lived, and after shining a new radiance, a few years ago, under the strong hands of artists able, it is now almost completely abandoned as the most ungrateful and most monotonous of instruments ” . As for the origin of the word, the dictionary of Alain Rey 2 shows about that name “is borrowed from the xiii th century (1275-1280 quitarre), Spanish guitarra morisca (guitar moreshe French, 1349) (…) The Spanish word goes back to the Greek kithara (see zither), perhaps through Arabic kittàra . The relationship with the Persian sih tar “three strings”, instrument name, and cognates (Egyptian, Chaldean), is unclear. Varying the number of strings (in Greece in September), several instruments are designated by that name. The medieval Spanish knows the guitarra latina , close to our current guitar, and moresca three-stringed lute and close to the egg-shaped. ”
These are the Moors who brought the first guitars in Europe, Spain in x e century . The modern form emerged in this country, after various changes guitars Latin and Moorish , probably through the vihuela . Although close to the lute , it is a different family and their evolution are distinct.
The gittern was a popular instrument during the xiv th century. The gittern was played with a plectrum , had a flat body, the body and the handle were built of the same piece of wood and usually had four single strings.
This is the Spanish luthier Antonio de Torres , in 1874, which gave the guitar the shape and dimensions of the classical guitar today. Many variations have been created in xx th century (folk, jazz, electric ) from the Torres guitar.
The various elements of a classical guitar.
Situated, as its name suggests, at the end of the handle is on this that the six strings are attached. Their voltage can be changed to grant the aid of mechanical , a system of screw operated by keys, which cause small rollers which roll on the ropes. They then pass through the nut head, usually small bar of bone (or plastic guitars lower quality), in which are carved with small grooves that guide each string to the handle at the end of the head.
There are also electric models without t shirt printing a head. The mode was initiated in the mid-1980s by the firm Steinberger . The grip and the tuning of the strings are at the tailpiece.
A handle screwed to the body of an electric guitar.
The handle is an essential part, since the guitarist is to determine what notes he will play, and how (and sometimes play them directly, using techniques such as legato ). On a classical guitar, the neck is connected to the body by the heel piece of wood glued can take different forms according to the makers.
With electric guitars, appeared screwed or riveted handles and handles so-called “driver” or “crossing”. These pass through the body and / or the soundboard, which are assembled on both sides.
Secondly, the handles of metal string guitars (electric and folk) are usually equipped with a control bar metal (called a ” truss Plastic Containers rod “in English) through the handle, which allows the guitarist to adjust the shape of the handle to his personal preferences, but also to different drafts of strings, or the aging of the wood.
There are also double-neck guitars (popularized by Jimmy Page ) or three-round ( Steve Vai ) 3 . These two sets allow you to change mounted parallel to tuning for a song while maintaining the same guitar, and can even be used simultaneously. This is how it is used eg Polish guitarist Adam Fular , especially during his performances tapping of Bach on the guitar. There are also double neck guitars, one of which is simple and the other fitted with twelve strings.
Articles: Touche (violin) and Frette .
Two examples of keys with inserts.
The key, fine hardwood floor – often in ebony , in rosewood or maple – attached to the handle, or may be part of it in the case of a maple neck with no key reported (including the method used Fender ) is the portion on which the guitarist lays the fingers of his “left hand” to change the pitch of notes produced by strings .
The different notes are separated by strips called frets , placed at specified intervals, which is steadily being eroded from the head to body. They define the “boxes” and allow guitarists do not play false (unless the wrong box). Some handles are equipped with keys fretless (” fretless “), which allows to give a special intonation slipped notes and the use of quarter tones . Especially prevalent on the low (to recall the sound and feel of the bass), this type of button is also used on guitars, especially for music that does not use the tempered scale .
The key is extended from the handle on the soundboard for the highest notes.
Buttons, there is frequently a pearl inlay allowing the guitarist to quickly locate the appropriate box to position his fingers and make mistakes less often. These inlays are found on the third box, the 5 th , 7 th , 9 th or 10 th , then a double inlay at the 12 th box (compared to the octave note of the string played open) . And the same sequence of overlays on the boxes of the higher octave.
From the year 1990 , some makers have proposed landmarks illuminated with lamps LED , to be able to precisely place their fingers in the dark without error. This solution did not meet with great success, because of its limited use (an experienced guitar player is looking over his neck), burdensome technical (installation and maintenance), risk of deterioration of sound properties, and its price. To avoid these drawbacks have been developed by Swiss luthier Duvoisin, benchmarks key phosphorescent light most practical and economical.
Main article: guitar string .
The strings (all strings) is the part of the guitar that produces notes: by being set in motion (by friction, by pinching or percussion), the strings vibrate and emit a sound wave, Bankruptcy the more acute the cord is thin and the vibrating length of the string is short. There are several types of strings: in nylon , with nickel in bronze or silicone . The former being used for classical guitars, the metal strings are essential for electric guitars because, vibrant, they generate changes in the magnetic field produced by microphones, metal strings are used for acoustic guitars, they produce a more or less close to the sound of electric guitar (clean) but with a higher amplitude without using an amplifier. Finally, the silicone strings are mainly used on non-electric guitars and are valued for their ease of playing, especially the right hand free pick.
By convention, the string the more serious is at the top of the handle and the most acute at the bottom, in a typical configuration of right-handed. This agreement is also reflected in the name of hands: in general, the “right hand” scratching the strings above the body, the “left hand” is that the chords and notes on the fretboard, regardless hands are effectively carrying out these actions.
The lower strings of the guitar (the 3 from the top down, 4 games to deep-draft) are said to be spun it to say that they are surrounded by a metal different from that used inside (usually steel) which greatly increases their diameter, giving a sound a little different from non-wound strings and a more serious, both in tone and in timbre. The bass strings are all spun.
Usually six in number, the strings are usually granted as well, the biggest in the finest: E, A, D, G, B and E, according to EADGBE or English notation of music, which replaces each note name with a letter of the alphabet. This combination of notes is called the standard tuning.
The thickest string – the most serious – is called “drone”, it corresponds to the low E guitar. The rope’s finest – the most acute – is called “chanterelle,” it corresponds to the high E guitar.
One can also tune a guitar in open agreement , also known as “open gate” or open tuning , generic term misused any non-standard tunings, such as soil: DGDGBD (re-re ground floor if re) or re: DADF # AD (D, A, D, F sharp, A, D). The guitar then the distinction of playing a chord of G and D strings played with all the vacuum . The standard agreement can play in different keys, the open tuning requires a capo to change the tone , or a good knowledge of fingerings. This technique is widely used in traditional music, usually modal and diatonic . For example, the agreement DADGAD (without third-D4) is common in folk and Celtic music.
If a guitar has more or less than 6 strings, the tuning will be adapted. Thus, a 12 string guitar where every chord of a standard guitar is doubled (each pair of strings is called a “chorus”), the four choirs of strings are given to the octave (a string tuned normally, the other an octave higher) and the two choirs most acute in unison.
The guitarist plucks the strings with his right hand and blocks the strings with the fingers of his left hand. Some left-handed reverse the position of the guitar, as well as strings (where others retain it in the same direction as Albert King ), to keep up the grave: the handle is so right. Besides moving ropes, other changes are needed on an acoustic guitar left-handed: the dam (a small wooden bar table strengthening) of the soundboard is indeed different from the side of the bass and treble, and must be returned.
The strings are generally mounted, that is to say, attached to keys or ankles of the head on one side and on the body (or to a tailpiece is the car transport company bridge ) on the other, usually in the order of the notes they produce “empty” (without support of the fingers on the button). Each string has a different diameter: the larger the diameter, the lower the rope is fine and the sound is more acute.
The strings have the characteristics of flexibility and different resonance depending on the material used (mainly nylon , bronze , nickel , copper and sometimes gold in order to limit oxidation due to sweat). The choice of strings is crucial to sound quality as for the enjoyment of the game: the nylon strings produce a warmer sound effect (that is to say, focusing on low-medium frequencies) than metal strings, which are more sound and produce a more metallic (favoring frequencies acute ).
The metal strings are distinguished by the type of wire that covers: the “flat wound” generally have a more neutral and more matte than “spun round,” the brightest. They are also distinguished by their “pulling” or “coefficient of flexibility.” In general, as a rope a pull, the more it is flexible, but the sound is low. The electric guitars , whose sound is amplified artificially ties often have very low compared to acoustic guitars . We must choose the strings according to the style of music played. Some strings are conducive to the rock, other blues and classical. The tie rods require a higher more developed musculature and may require some time to adapt. Changing the firing of a guitar should be followed by an adjustment so as not to deform or break the instrument, the tension on the handle is all the stronger the pull is strong.
It is a fundamental part regarding the emission of sounds and, therefore, largely determines the quality of the instrument. This is true both for the acoustic guitar with sound box (varnished wood mostly) for the electric guitar to the body most often full, even if the microphones and amplification play an equally important role in the second case.
the guitar player in 1908 by Joseph DeCamp
The body of an acoustic guitar , also known as acoustic guitar, has a sound box . It consists of three main parts:
The soundboard , thin piece of wood ( spruce , red cedar, …) into two parts reinforced by an internal barrier, is vibrated by the strings through the bridge, a small piece of wood which the strings are attached . They spend a nut smooth (or slightly notched for “place” the strings), in contrast to the nut groove. The vibration produced by the table is amplified by the soundboard and a whole lot of the instrument by the rosette or mouth. The rose also refers to the part that surrounds the hole decorated, very fine inlay work in the guitar luthiers . This is one of the parties with which they can best express their virtuosity in woodworking.
The sides are two thin pieces of wood forming the edge of the box. Among the woods used include among others the rosewood . The corrugated shape of the ribs is obtained by applying the hot wood on a heated cylinder to bring it to the desired curvature.
Basically, as the table is obtained by means of two symmetrical halves rosewood and other woods, often connected to the center by a net of marquetry.
Electric guitar and electro-acoustic
The electric guitar is mostly devoid of sounding, as the sound amplification is entrusted mainly to microphones located under the strings. Her body is just made of a fairly thick piece of wood, on which are fixed bridge, neck and sometimes strings.
On most electric instruments the nut smooth the bridge is replaced by six mini-frets (usually metal), called “bridges” that allows an individual adjustment of the length and height of each string.
If electric guitars are mostly type solid body (“full body”), many models are available with semi-hollow body ( semi hollow ) or completely hollow ( hollow ). In French called “half boxes”, their soundboard is usually provided with openings (gills) reminiscent of those violins. These guitars are lighter and more crystalline compensates its less powerful vibrations. In the case of conductive sleeve, the body is just two “wings” reported by gluing on each side of the handle.
Some guitars called “electro-acoustic” have gills off-center of various shapes (circular or oval), and even, on some models electro-acoustic, no hearing at all. Their bodies are often devoid of splint, and is made of molded Denver Divorce Attorney plastic and reinforced glass fiber or carbon.
Note that, more and more non-classical guitars contain soundboards close to classical, that is to say softwood (pine, spruce …) or flat (with dam or reinforcements to support the string tension) is dug in the ground (semi-hollow guitars and full box type “jazz” to bridge adjustable), this for a sound closer to the guitar “dry”, with more harmonics versus magnetic pickup guitars (see microphone ). Today, the types of guitars tend to be mixed (eg electro-acoustic classical guitar …) and the players are happy to use models of conventional construction pieces to play jazz, blues or otherwise, with these models, most often , a micro ceramic (see below). These guitars provide an amplification amplifier , which provides a sound quality close to that of the guitar without amplification.
Action of the rope on one of the magnet single-coil microphone. The signal varies with the movement of the rope.
Microphones (one humbucker and two singles) on an electric guitar.
Located on the table, between the bridge and the neck under the strings, the microphones are one of the most basic elements of an electric guitar because it relies on them as any production of sound, even in the total absence of sound box . A guitar pickup is composed of one or more magnets, surrounded by a copper denver auto accident lawyer coil. The operating principle is based on the Faraday-Lenz’s law . Each magnet generates a magnetic field which magnetizes the main part of the strings. By vibrating the strings are slightly vary the main magnetic field, which induces the appearance in response to an electromotive force in the coil which opposes the magnetic field variation. The vibration of the string at a frequency f and a given amplitude induces a magnetic field variation with the same frequency and amplitude proportional, thus inducing an alternating voltage (as opposed to voltage) of frequency f and amplitude proportional. The electrical signal is then sent to an amplifier . Strictly speaking, the role of micro is to translate the speed acquired by the strings (not their movements), by voltages supplied to the amplifier, creating a sound “amazing” does not exist in the guitar itself.
There are many types of microphones, each of which has an operation and a “color” of the individual. The most common microphones are single coil and humbucker microphones .
The single-coil microphones were the very first: the magnet (in Alnico alloy type or ceramic ) is surrounded by several thousand revolutions a wire copper end and varnish forming the coil. These microphones have the disadvantage of being susceptible to interference (fields electromagnetic ambient products, for example by the neon lights , the transformers , the CRT , etc.)..
To overcome this problem, were created in the 1950s humbucker microphones, microphones association of two single-coil reversed. This combination allows you to filter disturbances by eliminating the DC component of the signal due to the reversal of polarization and direction of windings of the two adjoining single microphones (the principle of destructive interference).
Finally, the microphones can be passive or active. With the latter signal is immediately processed by a preamplifier. The active microphones therefore need an external power supply (the battery ). This pre-amplifier is designed to lower the impedance , which makes the signal less susceptible to pests and reduced its losses before it reaches the amplifier, especially when using long distances cables and intermediate elements, such as effects. A second feature of the pre-amplification is to avoid the loss of certain frequency bandwidth, which are absorbed by passive systems (a consequence of the high impedance).
Since then, however, much progress has been made, and passive microphones tend to blur the difference with their counterparts in assets. Contrary to popular belief, the active microphones do not produce an output level greater than the passive microphones. This is not the reason they are often used in guitar playing styles in metal or rock . The reason for using just the nature of the magnets that are most often used in active microphones: the ceramic magnets (mostly built on a mixture of barium and strontium ). Indeed, the microphones using ceramic magnets promote a sharper attack and incisive as microphones magnet Alnico , where a sense of dynamics and increased power. Again, manufacturers have expanded the scope and target audience, producing microphones Alnico magnets assets and liabilities microphones ceramic magnets.
The active microphones are most commonly used for bass guitars. The bass players were more willing to use the microphones active than guitarists who, themselves, were more reluctant because of an idea, probably erroneously, that the active microphones produce sound cold. This is because most of the grain sound very different between the microphones and microphones Alnico ceramics.
These microphones “piezoelectric” (or ceramic) capture not only the vibration of the string, but also that of the table at the easel. The principle is a ceramic which generates a potential difference across its terminals when it is deformed (see Piezoelectricity ). A thin rod (or lozenge) of this material, sandwiched between the bridge and the table is connected to a preamplifier (usually contained in the instrument). When the string and the vibrating table, it distorts the microphone (included in the bridge or glued to the soundboard) that generates a voltage proportional to the intensity of this one and the same frequency. Just fix it (in severe and / or acute) and inject it into an external amplifier (often called acoustic).
Since the mid-2000s, new microphones “optical” emerge: they measure the vibrations of the strings using a ray laser . These new types of microphones are insensitive to electromagnetic interference and can, according to their manufacturers, a better rendering of harmonics .
Finally, there are microphones placed inside of the body (type electret or dynamic, active or passive), and that capture the sound from inside the guitar by vibrating the air inside the box. We often couple this type of microphone (whose location is adjustable with a plastic rod) to other types, ceramic or magnetic. He brings a wealth and allow additional audio, after mixing with other sources, to find “the” close to his ideal guitar without amplification.
Main article: Vibrato (guitar) .
Some electric guitars are fitted with a rack on which mobile can be screwed or hang a metal rod (called vibrato arm) for martial arts denver changing the string tension, in a move creating the effect of vibrato . A more sophisticated, allowing for extremely large voltage variations, was developed by Floyd D. Rose. In addition to a different bridge, it includes a locking system at the saddle strings to limit sharply their detuning, which can occur with other models such as vibrato on the best auto insurance Fender.
The body of a guitar can also support many other items. Some have a purely aesthetic, as the pickguard , rounded piece of string placed next on the table, and aims to prevent further movement of too plectrum are not damage the coating of the guitar.
Others aim to improve or change the sound. The electric guitars are generally well knobs (also called potentiometers or “knobs”) to manage the volume and “tone” (proportion of frequencies acute and severe ) and a selector for selecting alternately one either of the microphones . Finally, some electro-acoustic guitars (see below) come with a pre- amplifier that can change the sound of the guitar itself.
On some guitars, the sound hole is replaced by the shoulder .
Main article: Guitars by type .
The guitar is an instrument made fragile because of dissimilar elements in their composition (wood, metal, nylon) which is inflicted significant physical exertion. Just think of the tension exerted on the strings when they vibrate, or what is the tension of the strings for the neck (in standard tuning, the tension of each string represents a weight of about five to fifteen kilograms ), or temperature variations in the wood of the box, not to mention the constant risk of shock since the instrument is essentially “nomadic”. The guitar is a perfect balanced combination of all its components in order to achieve an acoustic excellence we hope to see improve over time. It’s a job that requires professional knowledge in the field of acoustics and physics. Even the guitars produced “chain” by the big brands require this knowledge.
Here are some criteria to know to enjoy a long guitar.
sound quality: purity, resonance of the note until the end of the vibration of the strings (called the sustain ), the absence of parasite. This quality is given by the sounding board (choice of wood and method of assembly), by the strings, and finally by the microphones in the case of electrified guitars. For the latter, it is recommended to start with disconnected trying to estimate independently the quality of the violin and electronics (which is easily replaceable);
the symmetry of the handle. The handle can undergo two principal strains: spin it (it just turns on its axis) or it curves (it is curved). In the first case, the strings touch the neck by making noise, in the second, the curvature of the handle away from the strings, so you have to press harder on the strings to block. New guitars can have these defects (problems of storage or structural weakness of the neck);
the adequacy of the handle to the morphology of the musician: length, width, thickness, are one race may be pleasing to some morphologies, depending on the length of the arms or the flexibility of the fingers, and a nightmare for others;
Similarly, the volume of the body or the weight of the guitar are constraints that can become uncomfortable or painful to use.
The sound of some guitars changing significantly over time. Most sensitive to these changes are acoustic guitars, composed of fine woods and massive, in the case of spruce, for example, may develop during their first year of use. In this case, the sound tends to be more flattering and more powerful. This is not the case made of guitars economic plywood. Acoustic guitars are also sensitive to changes in humidity and temperature.
Main article: guitar playing techniques .
The guitar has a large number of playing techniques, tailored to different types of guitar and the different styles of music performed. The two main ways to use the instrument are to pluck the strings (or one after the other or simultaneously) or rub together . The first way allows you to play melodies, the second is used to produce rhythmic accompaniments. To pluck the strings, the use of fingers is natural but is often used accessory, the plectrum (or pick ), to accentuate the snapping sound.
Tuning and guitar chords
Due to the popularity of the guitar in the Anglo-Saxon, the notation “Anglo-Saxon” , which identifies the notes by letters, is often used next to the notation “Latin”. The guitar is a transposing instrument an octave lower. As usual, we do not find the lower octave in the key but reading the various articles on the internet we see that may be useful to remember.
The 6-string guitars are generally granted (from low to high) with the scores :
Agreement EADGBE guitar.
mid 1 (E1 E2 noted) 82.4 Hz
the one (noted A1 A2) 110.0 Hz
D 2 (D2 D3 noted) 146.8 Hz
Floor 2 (G2 G3 noted) 196.0 Hz
If two (B2 rated B3) 246.9 Hz
mid 3 (E3 E4 note) 329.6 Hz
listen to the strings (midi file)
To tune a guitar, there are several methods: using an electronic tuner that recognizes the frequencies of the notes. It is commonly used for its ease of use. Or use a reference note (often the (A) of the 5 th string) with a pitch for example. Then just give the other strings based on this first. Here are the differences between the strings with standard tuning EADGBE:
E → A: 5 semitones;
→ it is sufficient to block the string “mi” in 5th fret to get the “the” bottom of the rope. By vibrating the two, you can set one on the other; this technique can be repeated for all the strings.
A → D: 5 semitones, the chord of the plate in the fifth box gives a re
D → G: 5 semitones; the 5th fret of the D string provides a ground
G → B: 4 semitones; flatten the G string in the fourth box for such a
B → E: 5 semitones; the fifth fret of the string so gives a mi.
The guitar is written in treble clef , but it is a treble clef an octave lower. Therefore, in modern notation, we add a little “8″ below this key to indicate transposition. Having chosen the treble clef, probably for reasons of convenience given the popularity of the instrument that the guitar is a transposing instrument (instrument musical notation does not correspond to the product). But the guitar is a transposing instrument because the treble clef has been assigned. Ideally, it would have had to choose the key of C fourth line, in which case the guitar was not transposing. But the key, Phen375 Reviews less known and less popular, probably has not even been considered. This freedom in the choice of a key is probably incorrect because the guitar is an instrument of relatively low volume, not part of the symphony orchestra and thus escapes the constraints of musical notation specific to this type of orchestra .
However, many artists have used other ways to give include, for example, Django Reinhardt , Keith Richards , Frank Zappa , Nick Drake , Sonic Youth , Jimmy Page ( Led Zeppelin ) or Pierre Bensusan who have made their specialty. Other ways to give, there is the “DADGAD” (Strings in D re re ground, the most serious to the most acute), used in Celtic and country music note 1 . The interest of this agreement is to facilitate part of the game through smaller gaps between the fingers, and secondly, to provide “low-drones” (especially re the tone used in the most Irish music), in return, key changes are more difficult. DADGAD is one of the ways to give the so-called open agreement ( open tuning ).
Agreement DADGAD guitar.
Another advantage of some alternate tunings is that the bowed string vacuum produce an agreement, it is sufficient to block a box for the same chord more acute.
The guitar chords are used in the accompanying music, or to set the pace by beating (rubbing several strings simultaneously by following a regular basis), or to enrich the melodic line by making arpeggios (regular and consecutive pinch cords ).
Play a chord is to play three or more notes simultaneously. The description of an agreement is therefore to identify for six strings where it is necessary to place the fingers and the strings to remain silent. On a guitar, the same pitch can be achieved in different ways, a same agreement can be achieved in several ways (at least three or four, sometimes at the cost of some extensions of fingers can be painful). The arrangement of strings forbidden to play certain chords that could be done by a section of voices. Guitar accompaniment gives priority to certain chord positions which often gives a typical color for pieces written for guitar.
Main article: Musical notation .
The sheet music for guitar is written in two major rating systems.
Example of partition: the first steps of the hymn Adeste Fideles .
Universal Music Notation
This system Wire Cart Covers means a series of notes on a staff of five lines.
This rating requires universally known to learn music theory, then the equivalent of the notes of the score on the neck of the guitar. In return, the guitarist can play any music written on a partition . It is widely used for classical guitar and jazz.
Example of tablature: the first measures of the German song Alle sind schon chiropractic marketing da Voeglein .
A tablature has six lines representing the six strings of a guitar in the position laid flat on the lap ropes up. The notes Criminal Defense Attorney Chicago are represented by numbers placed in the same line (rope) representing the space between two frets where to place the finger. The number zero is the note of the string. The pace is written in different ways.
This rating requires very little musical knowledge, as it is to place the fingers on the right string to the box provided. The disadvantage of the tablature is not easy to represent the duration of notes (round, white, black, crooked … etc). For this reason, many spreadsheets no longer seek to represent the length of the notes in the same tab but prefer to juxtapose traditional scope (see the picture against).
The tab also allows to accurately represent the sets of fingers and the effects of fingering for the guitar, regardless of the playing technique (chord, picking , arpeggios, tapping, natural harmonics, artificial … etc).
This rating was the only usitée for the guitar until the beginning of xix th century . In France, in the second half of the 60 that musicians like Steve Waring , Roger Mason and especially Marcel Dadi began to publish pieces that form. Marcel Dadi tabs routinely published his pieces in each of his albums. Of software computer music are now available and are used to enter scores either in the form of range, tablature, or both.
Notation agreements with “charts”
Example diagram for G plus 4 agreement, each number corresponds dui attorney chicago to a finger.
There is another rating system agreements, derived from the tabs, called diagram, in which the frets are represented by vertical bars, and there is no indication of rhythm. Imprecise, this notation, which can only be used for accompaniment, has the advantage of requiring no knowledge of music theory, from easy to transcribe and leave considerable freedom of interpretation. It is a delight for songbooks.